Bone health and Vitamin D
Osteoporosis -The condition in which the bones become too much weak and fragile which can easily broken . This very common problem in worldwide,.
This us common in both male and females. In females it is more common after menopause. This occurs due to calcium and Vit D deficiency.
Role of Vitamin D in bone health
We all know that calcium is key ingredient of bone. But for the aborption of calcium vitamin D is essential.Vitamin D also responsible for bone mineralization which is positively associated with bone mineral density [BMD].
Severe deficiency of vitamin D leads to rickets in childrenwhich causes bone weakness, bowed legs, and other skeletal deformities, such as stooped posture.
Andcauses osteomalacia in adults. Many studies showed that the vitamin D plays an important role inpreventing fractures by its mediating effects on muscle function and inflammation.
vitamin D supplementation can also improve muscle strength by which incidence offalls and fractures can be minimised
Children who lack Vitamin D develop the condition called rickets, which causes bone weakness, bowed legs, and other skeletal deformities, such as stooped posture.
Dose of Vitamin D-
Vitamin D is measured in units called "International Units," or IUs. According to the Institute of Medicine-Food and Nutrition Board, and the National Institutes of Health-Office of Dietary Supplements, the Recommended Daily Allowances for Vitamin D among children is:
400 IU/day for children aged 0-12 months
600 IU/day for children aged 1-18 years
Recent research supports that children over age 5, adolescents, and adults needs at least 1000 IU per day for good health - depending on age, weight, and growth. Indeed, many people need much more than 1000 IU to keep Vitamin D levels in a good range.
Vitamine D rich Diet-
Animal products like oily fish, fish oils,
Cod liver oil
Cerals and oatmeal