Osteoporosis

Bone health and Vitamin D

Osteoporosis -The condition in which the bones become too much weak and fragile which can easily broken . This very common problem in worldwide,.

This us common in both male and females. In females it is more common after menopause. This occurs due to calcium and Vit D deficiency.



Role of Vitamin D in bone health

We all know that calcium is key ingredient of bone. But for the aborption of calcium vitamin D is essential.Vitamin D also responsible for bone mineralization which is positively associated with bone mineral density [BMD].

Severe deficiency of vitamin D leads to rickets in childrenwhich causes bone weakness, bowed legs, and other skeletal deformities, such as stooped posture.

Andcauses osteomalacia in adults. Many studies showed that the vitamin D plays an important role inpreventing fractures by its mediating effects on muscle function and inflammation.

vitamin D supplementation can also improve muscle strength by which incidence offalls and fractures can be minimised

Children who lack Vitamin D develop the condition called rickets, which causes bone weakness, bowed legs, and other skeletal deformities, such as stooped posture.


Dose of Vitamin D-

Vitamin D is measured in units called "International Units," or IUs. According to the Institute of Medicine-Food and Nutrition Board, and the National Institutes of Health-Office of Dietary Supplements, the Recommended Daily Allowances for Vitamin D among children is:

400 IU/day for children aged 0-12 months

600 IU/day for children aged 1-18 years

Recent research supports that children over age 5, adolescents, and adults needs at least 1000 IU per day for good health - depending on age, weight, and growth. Indeed, many people need much more than 1000 IU to keep Vitamin D levels in a good range.

Vitamine D rich Diet-

Animal products like oily fish, fish oils,

sunlight

Cod liver oil

Cow's milk

Soya milk

Cerals and oatmeal

Mushrooms

Orange juice

Oysters

Yoghurt

Cheese