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In Ayurveda it is called as 'Vatarakta". It mainly affects the small joints in the body. It is more common in mens than females. In females it occurs before the age of menopause.

                                    OSTEOPOROSIS

                            Bone health and Vitamin D

Osteoporosis -The condition in which the bones become too much weak and fragile which can easily broken . This very common problem in worldwide,.
This us common in both male and females. In females it is more common after menopause. This occurs due to calcium and Vit D deficiency.
Role of Vit D in bone health
We all know that calcium is key ingredient of bone. But for the aborption of calcium vitamin D is essential.Vitamin D also responsible for bone mineralization which is positively associated with bone mineral density [BMD].
Severe deficiency of vitamin D leads to rickets in childrenwhich causes bone weakness, bowed legs, and other skeletal deformities, such as stooped posture.
Andcauses osteomalacia in adults. Many studies showed that the vitamin D plays an important role inpreventing fractures by its mediating effects on muscle function and inflammation.
vitamin D supplementation can also improve muscle strength by which incidence offalls and fractures can be minimised
Children who lack Vitamin D develop the condition called rickets, which causes bone weakness, bowed legs, and other skeletal deformities, such as stooped posture.
Dose of Vit D-
Vitamin D is measured in units called "International Units," or IUs. According to the Institute of Medicine-Food and Nutrition Board, and the National Institutes of Health-Office of Dietary Supplements, the Recommended Daily Allowances for Vitamin D among children is:
400 IU/day for children aged 0-12 months
600 IU/day for children aged 1-18 years
Recent research supports that children over age 5, adolescents, and adults needs at least 1000 IU per day for good health - depending on age, weight, and growth. Indeed, many people need much more than 1000 IU to keep Vitamin D levels in a good range.
Vitamine D rich Diet-
Animal products like oily fish, fish oils,
sunlight
Cod liver oil
Cow's milk
Soya milk
Cerals and oatmeal
Mushrooms
Orange juice
Oysters
Yoghurt
Cheese


Fecal incontinence Treatment

Inability to control bowel movements, causing stool (feces) to leak unexpectedly from the rectum is known as fecal incontinence. It is also known as bowel incontinence.

Fecal incontinence is a most embarrassing and debilitating disorder.Nowadays it is commonly affected in near about 27% of the population.It generally occurs in old age.The main Complaints of Fecal Incontinence is an involuntary discharge of stool and gases.

This involves numerous anatomic and physiologic factors. These include sphincter function, anorectal sensation, colonic transit, stool consistency, and neurologic as well as cognitive elements. Disruption of any number of the above can predispose a patient to incontinence.

Causes:-Injury to spincter

nerve injury,

surgical trauma,

neuropathy,

long time constipation or diarrhea,

rectal prolapse,

ulcerative colitis

Age factor

muscle or tissue atrophy

Symptoms:-

The patient may be unable to resist the urge to defecate

people are not aware of the need to pass stool.

Diarrhea

Constipation

Gas and bloating

Treatment:-

Diet and exercise : -

Avoid Vatakarhar like dry food items and bakery products

Avoid fermented food items and bakery products

Avouid milk products also

Eat a fresh and hot meal

Eat light food like daliya and soaji

Avoid heavy, oily and spicy food

Drink plenty of water if there is constipation

A regular walk is recommended

Do muladhar bandh exercise

Asan like pavanmuktasana,naukasanasa ,vajrasans is beneficial for this

Medicines like are:-Bilvavaleha,kutajarishta,dashamooljiraka,swarna,shankhavati,sutshekharar,rasapachakayoga,sanjivanivati ,sunthighan, haritaki Ghana etc are good for digestive system alteration

For vitiated Vata dosha :- Bruhatvatachintamanirasa,vatagajankushrasa,vatachintamani rasa are recommended.

Panchkarma like :-

Basti-Anuvasana and Niruha re recommended.

Virechana- also helps in ulteration of diagestive fire